Cartilage Regeneration

Cartilage Regeneration in Indore

A connective tissue that is found in different parts of the body and is a tough and flexible material which is relatively is to damage is known as cartilage. It functions in reducing the friction and behaves like a cushion between the joints and helps in supporting weight when we run, bend and stretch and also holds the bones together. Articular cartilage is some sort of disability, causes severe pain and inflammation when the cartilage in a joint is damaged. For this, the recovery of cartilage is done through regeneration which is known as cartilage regeneration.

Patients with damage to the cartilage in a joint will mainly experience the following symptoms:

  • Inflammation – The influenced area swells up, becomes warmer than the other parts of the body, and is tender, sore, and much painful.
  • As the damage progresses, the affected limb will not move so freely and easily which is known as range limitation.
  • Direct blow– The cartilage may be damaged if a joint receives a heavy impactduring a bad fall or an automobile accident. Athletes generally are at a higher risk of suffering from articular damage, especially those who are involved in high impact sports such as American football, rugby, and wrestling.
  • Wear and tear–Joint can be damaged in case experiencing stress for a longer tenure. Obese persons are more likely to damage their knee over a 20-year period than a person of normal weight because the body is under a much higher degree of physical stress. Breakdown, Inflammationand eventual loss of cartilage in the joints is called as osteoarthritis.
  • Lack of movement– To remain healthy, the joints need to move regularly. Long periods of inactivity or immobility will increase the risk of damage to the cartilage.

During cartilage regeneration, a small risks of damage to the surroundings including vessels, nerves or adjacent cartilage. Sometimes, in the most severe cases, a piece of cartilage can break off and joint becomes locked and this can lead to hemarthrosis (bleeding in the joint) and the influenced area may become blotchy and have a bruised appearance.

The main objective for rehabilitation after the cartilage regeneration is to provide an optimal environment for the functional recovery and adaptation of the chondral repair tissue, the knee, and the individual. Initial return to sport after the regeneration ranges from 6 to 18 months and the range in the timescale highlights the differences in the immediate post-surgery nature of the repaired tissue and the speed at which the new tissue regains sufficient stiffness to accept sports-specific load.

Also, the precise content and timelines for the rehabilitation program of cartilage regeneration will be mainly dependent on a number of patient and lesion –specific factors which have been previously identified. For the athletes, in addition to these patient and lesion-specific factors, there is also a need for a sport-specific approach towards rehabilitation.